Month: August 2010

Make cheap phone calls through Google

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Australians have been able to make free phone calls to landlines and mobiles using a new Google Gmail feature that launched this week for US and Canadian users.
Australians who have their Gmail language set to “English US” are able to use the Google Voice plug-in for Gmail to make calls using the microphone on their computer. The service throws down a significant challenge to Skype and traditional phone service operators.
Calls and texts to US and Canadian numbers were meant to be free with very low rates for calls to phones in other countries, but, in a loophole, Australians using the feature have been able to use the service to call Australian numbers for free. They were not charged the per-minute rate of $US0.04 and $US0.14 for landline and mobile calls, respectively.
Google announced today that over one million calls were placed using Gmail’s free calling service in its first 24 hours.
The company was unable to explain why Australians were able to make calls for free but a spokeswoman confirmed that “Aussies who have their Gmail language set to English US will see that the feature is available to them too”.
However, the spokeswoman said only outgoing calls would work for Australians as incoming calls required the Google Voice application, which has not yet been made available to Australians. In the US, people who obtain a free phone number from Google can receive calls on their PC.
Outgoing calls can only be made via Gmail on users’ computers as a version for mobile phones has not yet been released.
Analysts said the service would likely be a bigger competitive threat to services like Skype’s than to traditional phone companies, which have already been cutting their call prices in recent years in response to stiff competition.
Skype, Google and many other services have been offering free computer-to-computer calling for years, but now Google is taking on Skype in computer-to-phone calling.
“This is a risk to Skype. It’s a competitor with a pretty good brand name,” said Hudson Square analyst Todd Rethemeier.
“Calling is so cheap already that I don’t think it will attract a huge amount of domestic calling. It could take some of the international market,” he said.
Another analyst, Steve Clement from Pacific Crest, said that anybody who is tempted by internet calling services has likely already disconnected their home phone.
“The type of person who would use a service like that isn’t the type of customer who still has a landline,” Clement said.

Google said making a call through its service works like a normal phone in that a user could click on the “call phone” option in their chat buddy list in Gmail and type in the number or enter a contact’s name.
The service is likely to significantly increase the popularity of Gmail, which is trailing Microsoft and Yahoo in the free online email stakes.

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Resource Monitor :: Windows 7

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If you’re a hi tec power user or a gamer, chances are you have mucked around with resource monitors to get a peak at your system’s innerworkings. The Resource Monitor embedded in Windows 7 displays real-time information about all of the processes running on your system.

Vista’s “Resource View” is a cut down (way down) version of what Windows 7 will offer. One problem with Vista’s version is that it is not customizable. Even if you try to make a custom view and save it, all of your column spacings and arrangements are lost when you open it again (unless there is a trick I never discovered). A lack of customizability makes the Vista GUI practically useless for serious resource monitoring, not to mention the lack of detail and process control. Everything you wanted but didn’t get from Vista’s resource monitor is realized in Windows 7’s Resource Monitor. The improvement is drastic, comparable to the difference between Windows Task Manager and Sysinternals’ Process Explorer

The Overview Tab

resmon overview thumb click to enlarge

The picture above, shows the Overview tab, which looks similar to Vista’s Resource View. However, this time it’s customizable and you can save your customized views. But the most useful improvement is the addition of filtering: If you want to view only the data related to selected processes, you can filter the detailed results. When you select a process, it becomes the filter, so that the rest of the information displayed is only for that process (can be multiple processes). The graphs also reflect the filter by adding an orange line that represents the resources used by the selected processe(s).

Resource Monitor now gives you process control features like Process Explorer. Right click and the context menu gives you the option to “End Process”, “End Process Tree”, “Suspend Process”, “Analyze Wait Chain”, or “Search Online”. Analyze wait chain might be especially useful in debugging unresponsive windows.


resmon cpu thumbclick to enlarge

Most process monitors clump MS services into single processes with the name “svchost.exe”. So, when you find svchost.exe churning some CPU cycles, you cannot see whether the culprit is upnphost, WebClient, or one of the other 10+ services represented by svchost.exe (LocalService). Now you can.

The Services table and chart in the CPU tab of Resource Monitor lets you see what each individual service is doing. Selecting a process shows you only the services associated with it. Right click on a service and the context menu gives you options to stop, start, restart, or search online. What’s more, the Handles & Modules tables show the files, registry keys, events, and directories used by the selected process.

The detail and control available in the CPU tab is certainly a high point of this program. However, if MS had a forum with a “Wishlist” or “Features Request” thread (ha! imagine that), I would request the following functions that are missing from the context menu: “Unregister dll”, “Close Handle”, “Open location in Explorer”, or even “Properties”. Fortunately detailed info and controls like these are provided by Nirsoft’s freeware monitors RegDllView (for dll’s) and OpenedFilesView (for opened files).

Network Tab

 network tabclick to enlarge

I am not very knowledgable about networking, so I will mostly let the screenshot of the Network Tab speak for itself. I will point out, however, that the amount of detail in the Network tab is greater than that in Sysinternals’ TCPView and Nirsoft’s CurrPorts. But, surprisingly, the “Close Connection” function offered in these free utilities is not found in Resource Monitor.


There is also a Memory tab and a Disk tab, but these don’t appear to offer anything noteworthy.  In all, Windows 7’s Resource Monitor is much bigger and better than the Vista version and task manager in window XP.  Its unified GUI incorporates a variety of views and functions that resemble some of the utilities offered for free by Sysinternals and Nirsoft.  Unfortunately, it is only available within the Windows 7 OS.  If you have already dived into  Win7, give it’s Resource Monitor a try (just type “resource” in the Start menu search box).
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Date Formatting in Java

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Hi All ..

hope enjoying time ..

today i will explain how to use date time (Date Manipulation) in java programming language. I was working on a task where i need to play with time/date. In my other post i explained  Date Formatting in C#. Today you will learn same concept in java.

Java Calendar class (java.util.Calendar) is a very useful and handy class in java date time manipulation. here i will demonstrate how to modify date time with calender class. First get current date time with Calendar()

DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat(“yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss”);
Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
System.out.println(“Current Date Time : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

now you can use following calender date time manipulation function as per your need

//Add one day to current date time
cal.add(Calendar.DATE, 1);

//Add one month to current date time
cal.add(Calendar.MONTH, 1);

//Add one year to current date time
cal.add(Calendar.YEAR, 1);

//Add one hour to current date time
cal.add(Calendar.HOUR, 1);

//Add one minute to current date time
cal.add(Calendar.MINUTE, 1);

//Add one second to current date time
cal.add(Calendar.SECOND, 1);

//Subtract one day from current date
cal.add(Calendar.DATE, -1);

//Subtract one month from current date
cal.add(Calendar.MONTH, -1);

//Subtract one year from current date
cal.add(Calendar.YEAR, -1);

//Subtract one hour from current date
cal.add(Calendar.HOUR, -1);

//Subtract one minute from current date
cal.add(Calendar.MINUTE, -1);

//Subtract one second from current date
cal.add(Calendar.SECOND, -1);

Here is the full source code to show how to modify date time in Java

import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class DateTimeManipulation {
public static void main(String[] args) {

DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat(“yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss”);
//get current date time with Calendar()
Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
System.out.println(“Current Date Time : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal.add(Calendar.DATE, 1);
System.out.println(“Add one day to current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.MONTH, 1);
System.out.println(“Add one month to current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.YEAR, 1);
System.out.println(“Add one year to current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.HOUR, 1);
System.out.println(“Add one hour to current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.MINUTE, 1);
System.out.println(“Add one minute to current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.SECOND, 1);
System.out.println(“Add one second to current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.DATE, -1);
System.out.println(“Subtract one day from current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.MONTH, -1);
System.out.println(“Subtract one month from current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.YEAR, -1);
System.out.println(“Subtract one year from current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.HOUR, -1);
System.out.println(“Subtract one hour from current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.MINUTE, -1);
System.out.println(“Subtract one minute from current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));

cal = Calendar.getInstance();
cal.add(Calendar.SECOND, -1);
System.out.println(“Subtract one second from current date : ” + dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));



Current Date Time : 2010/08/13 10:24:53
Add one day to current date : 2010/08/14 10:24:53
Add one month to current date : 2010/09/13 10:24:53
Add one year to current date : 2011/08/13 10:24:53
Add one hour to current date : 2010/08/13 11:24:53
Add one minute to current date : 2010/08/13 10:25:53
Add one second to current date : 2010/08/13 10:24:54
Subtract one day from current date : 2010/08/12 10:24:53
Subtract one month from current date : 2010/07/13 10:24:53
Subtract one year from current date : 2009/08/13 10:24:53
Subtract one hour from current date : 2010/08/13 09:24:53
Subtract one minute from current date : 2010/08/13 10:23:53
Subtract one second from current date : 2010/08/13 10:24:52
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Sticky Notes :: Windows 7

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One of my favorites in the new Operating System. In Windows 7, there are sticky notes that are native to the operating system. You can use them to set notes and reminders for yourself, to write a to-do list or jot down anything else that you’d use a pad of paper for. Just open Sticky Notes by tapping the Start button . In the search box, type Sticky Notes, and then tap Sticky Notes in the list of results. To create additional notes, click the New Note button. You can also open a new note by pressing Ctrl+N.

To create a Sticky Note, click Start→All Programs→Accessories→Sticky Notes.
Windows opens a new blank note on the desktop, positioning the cursor at the beginning of the note.

Type the text of the note.

You can also format the note text if you want. Just select the desired text and then press the appropriate shortcut key: Ctrl+B for bold text, Ctrl+I for italics, and Ctrl+U for underlining.

You’ll notice that the text automatically wraps to a new line, and if your text doesn’t fit on the note, Windows automatically expands the height of the note to accommodate the length of your note.

When you finish entering the note text, simply click somewhere on the desktop outside the sticky note itself.  Alternatively, you can click the New Note button (the one with the plus sign) to start a new sticky note. The note you create will stay on the desktop. If you use sticky notes, you’ll want to get acquainted with the Sticky Notes Quick Launch button on the taskbar. Click it once to temporarily hide all the sticky notes on your desktop. To bring all of your sticky notes back to the desktop or to the top of the windows on the desktop, click it again.

To color-code a sticky note, right-click the note and then click the color you want. Your choices here are Blue, Green, Pink, Purple, White, or Yellow.
To delete a note that you no longer need, click its Delete button in the upper-right corner. The first time you delete a note, Windows asks you to confirm the deletion. If you don’t want to see this alert again, select the Don’t Display This Message Again check box before you click Yes.

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A new look for Gmail

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Google has redesign his main interface for Gmail, and has finally got a new contact manager, which is 100 times better than the earlier one. The new contact manager is fast and easier to use, and is definitely a welcome change to one of the best email services available online today.

The new contacts manager has a more prominent link as seen in the first screenshot above and will also work pretty much like Gmail works, fast. The new contacts manager now supports Keyboard shortcuts, sorting by name, custom labels for contact fields, ability to undo changes you made and automatic saving just like Gmail compose among other things.

In addition to the contact manager changes, Gmail also sports links to Mail, Contacts and Tasks in the top left and displays a Compose mail button instead of a text. There is also some screen estate recovery thanks to the reduction in the header area. However, Google has also made it a bit painful to select messages by removing the links and putting it into a dropdown.

Overall these changes are pretty good and make Gmail the best free email service out there. The new changes to the Gmail contact manager and overall email layout will be rolled out to all users in a phased manner.

Concisely, Gmail Team has done following changes …

  • Mail, Contacts, and Tasks links have moved to the top left of Gmail.
  • Compose mail is now a button rather than a link.
  • A smaller header area puts the first message in your inbox about 16 pixels higher on the screen.
  • The Select AllNoneReadUnread, and Starred links that used to be above your messages are now options in a drop-down menu, next to theArchive button.

Updates to Contacts
They have also done a major overhaul to Contacts, adding a bunch of features people requested and making Contacts easier to use.

  • Contacts work a lot more like Mail. Keyboard shortcuts now work in Contacts too, and  made selecting and grouping contacts more like selecting and labeling email.
  • Sort contacts by last name. Look under More actions for this option.
  • Use custom labels for phone numbers and other fields. For example, you can label a phone number as “Vacation home.” Please be aware, ActiveSync for iPhone and Blackberry Sync don’t yet support custom labels so custom labeled numbers/emails/etc. may not appear on your phone.
  • Undo. Now, when you make changes to your contacts, you can undo your recent changes.
  • Automatic saving. You no longer need to worry about “edit” mode or “view” mode — just edit away and Gmail will save your changes.
  • Structured name fields. You can now set name components (i.e. Title, First, Middle, Last and Suffix) explicitly or continue to use the name field as a free form area if you prefer a less structured approach.
  • Manual and bulk contact merge. You can now merge contacts from the More actions menu. Just select the contacts you’d like to merge and select Merge contacts from under the More actions menu. Or, to get a list of suggestions for contacts to merge, select Find and merge duplicates.

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Windows 8

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Windows 7 isn’t out the door yet, but Microsoft seems to be making good progress with Windows 8.  Microsoft had already begun work on Windows 8 before Windows 7 was completed. The reason being that different teams work on different aspects of the operating system, which is why Microsoft was able to do this.

Windows 8 is down as approximately 2012. Even still, it looks like Microsoft are sticking to their 2.5-3 year release cycle, with Windows Vista launching Jan 2007 (it was late), Windows 7 in October 2009 and Windows 8 in 2012.

The Windows 8 release date has been shrouded in a cloud of rumors. Most experts expect a late 2011 early 2012 release of the operating system. A recently leaked Windows 8 product cycle chart provides the answers needed to determine the release date of the next Windows OS by Microsoft.

Windows 8 is also denoted as ‘codename Windows 8. People are expecting big things from Windows 8. Although Windows 7 is a great release and adds several much needed improvements to Windows Vista, it’s still too familiar and doesn’t feel ‘new’ enough and people are looking forward to getting a new OS to get my teeth into, a survey reports told..

Given that the technologies that are under development and have been available to Microsoft, such as 128 bit processors with 6,8,12 or even 48 cores, the operating system will look very different if it is trying to work with these features. There are other technologies, for instance Solid State Drives will be replacing the traditional rotating head hard disk drives. Another technology is the light (photon) based circuitry that will replace traditional wiring. Touch and voice technology which came of age in Windows 7 will be in Windows8, and it will be interesting to see what the development will look like.

Windows 8 development stage is still very early and not much information has been heard. The following innovative features are some of the many features that we could be seeing in Windows 8:

  • Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) service: A multi-master replication engine set up for folder synchronization across multiple servers. This may be something we will be seeing in Windows 8 Server. DFSR is Microsoft’s premier file replication engine and is an integral part of their branch office strategy and File Server role. It can scale to thousands of servers and replicate hundreds of terabytes of data. MS have shipped the technology that powers file sharing in Windows Live Messenger, Windows Meeting Spaces (Vista) and Branch Office replication in Windows Server 2008 which has strong customer deployment. DFSR technology saves MS-IT and our customers more than 80% WAN bandwidth by using advanced On-The-Wire differential compression,” the software giant adds in the job posting.
  • Major improvements in BranchCache: BranchCache was a new feature developed in Windows 7. Basically when data from an intranet website or file server is accessed, it caches those files locally so the next user can access them more quickly. Major improvements can be expected for BranchCache.

Some available screenshots of Windows 8 are

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Keyboard Shortcut List

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Hi everyone …
hope all is well … here is a list of some (infact many) keyboard shortcuts for your ease in work.
Kindly try all these shortcuts and tell me which one(s) doesn’t work 🙂


ALT- F4 – Quit a program / Shut down

ALT-TAB – Hold down the ALT key and hit tab to cycle through open windows.

CTL-ESCAPE – Display the Start menu

SHIFT – TAB – tab backwards through a form

CTRL – X – Cut

CTRL – C – Copy

CTRL – V – Paste

F1 – Help menu

CTRL – Z – Undo

SHIFT & Restart – To restart just windows and not your whole computer, hold down the shift key when you click the OK button on the shutdown screen. Saves lots of time. (not for XP)

CRTL-TAB – Navigate tabs on a tabbed screen


Hold SHIFT while inserting a CD – Prevents the CD from “autorunning”

If an item is selected:

CTRL while dragging a file – Copies the file

CTRL – SHIFT while dragging a file – Creates a shortcut to the file

SHIFT – DELETE – Deletes an item without sending it to the recycle bin.

ALT-ENTER – Display a file’s properties.

F2 – To rename the file

In Windows Explorer:

LEFT ARROW – Collapse the current selection if it is expanded

NUM LOCK-MINUS SIGN (-) – Collapse the selected folder

RIGHT ARROW – Expand the current selection if it is collapsed -Or- Select the first subfolder

NUM LOCK- * Expand all folders below the current selection

NUM LOCK- PLUS SIGN (+) – Expand the selected folder

F6 – Switch between left and right panes

In My Computer:

BACKSPACE – View the folder one level up

ALT- RIGHT ARROW – Move forward to a previous view

ALT- LEFT ARROW -Move backward to a previous view


For Internet Explorer 6+ (may work in older versions)

Open History Window Ctrl+H
Reload Ctrl+R
Back (Previous Page) Alt+Left Arrow or Alt+Backspace
Forward (Next Page) Alt+Right Arrow
Stop Esc
Home Alt+Home
Go to Bottom of Page End
Go to Top of Page Home
New Window Ctrl+N
Close WIndow Ctrl+W
Go Up one Line Up Arrow
Go Down One Line Down Arrow
Full Screen (toggle) F11
Find on Page Ctrl+F
Add Current Page to Favorites Ctrl+D
Print Current Page
or Active Frame Ctrl+P
Organize Favorites (IE)/
Manage Bookmarks (NS)
Maximize a Window Alt+Space+x
Minimize a window Alt+Space+N
Scroll page up Alt+Up Arrow
Scroll page down Alt+Down Arrow
Internet Explorer ONLY

Open Favorites Bar Ctrl+I
Select text in address bar Alt+D
Force Reload (not from cache) Ctrl+F5
A faster way to type in addresses with IE is to just type in the name of the site:


and hit CTRL + Enter. The “http://www/. ” and “.com” will be added for you!

Netscape ONLY

Open / Close Sidebar Panel (toggle) F9
Select text in Location Bar Ctrl+L
Force Reload (not from Cache) Ctrl+Shift+R
Zoom Text Smaller Ctrl+- (minus)
Zoom text larger Ctrl+= (plus sign)


The Windows key can be used in conjunction with other keys to act as a keyboard shortcut for faster access to menu commands. Now, while the Alt key tends to open program menus (ex: Alt+F opens the File menu and Alt+E opens the Edit menu) and the Ctrl key performs actual operations (ex: Ctrl+C will copy and Ctrl+V will paste), the Windows key will open various Windows tools…

Win key + R will open the Start menu’s Run box
Win key + F will open the Start menu’s Find window
Win key + E will quickly launch Explorer
Win key + Pause/Break will open the System Properties window
Win key + M will Minimize all windows
Win key + Shift + M will undo Minimize all windows
Win key + D will switch between minimizing all open programs and showing them all
Win key + Tab will cycle through items on the taskbar
Win key by itself will open the Start menu

You can also open programs or folders on your desktop by pressing the Windows key + the first letter of the program/folder/shortcut + Enter . Sounds kinda tedious, but if you’re in a bind with your mouse, it can come in quite handy.


Here’s a cool little arrow trick to try with word processing programs. Next time you’re using your arrow keys to go from one area of a sentence to another (left and right arrows), hold down your CTRL key. Instead of moving one space at a time, you’ll go one word at a time.

If you’re using the up and down arrows to go from line to line, holding down the CTRL key will make your cursor jump from paragraph to paragraph (well, from carriage return to carriage return anyway).

One last thing, if you hold down the SHIFT key while you do this (i.e. hold down SHIFT + CTRL at the same time), you select text as you arrow along.

I’ve tested this in MS Word and Wordpad, but it *should* work no matter what word processing program you use.


Do you ever find yourself scrolling through a huge folder ? Well, if you need to get to the beginning or the end quickly, just press Ctrl+Home . If you want to get to the end, click Ctrl+End.

Hey, that’s not all!

This little trick works on more than just folders. If you use the Home key in a word processor, it goes to the beginning of the line you’re currently working on. If you hit the END key, it should head to the end of the current line. If you pair Home & End up with the Ctrl key in a word processor, you will be whisked away to the beginning or end of the document. Again, this should work, but it depends on your word processor.

Speedup your work by using keyboard more and mouse less.

Useful Shortcut:

Start + M: Minimizes all open windows
Start + Shift + M: Maximizes All Windows
Start + E: Runs Windows Explorer
Start + R: Open the RUN Dialog Box
Start + F: Open the Search Results Dialog box
Start + CTRL + F: Opens the Search Results-Computer dialog Box (if the computer is connected to a network)
Start + Pause (Break): Opens the System Properties Dialog Box

Windows System Key Combinations:

F1: Help
CTRL + ESC: Open Start menu
ALT + TAB: Switch between open programs
ALT + F4: Quit program
SHIFT + DELETE: Delete item permanently

Windows Program Key Combinations:

CTRL + C: Copy
CTRL + X: Cut
CTRL + V: Paste
CTRL + Z: Undo
CTRL + B: Bold
CTRL + U: Underline
CTRL + I: Italic

Mouse Click/Keyboard Modifier Combinations for Shell Objects:

SHIFT + right click: Displays a shortcut menu containing alternative commands
SHIFT + double click: Runs the alternate default command (the second item on the menu)
ALT + double click: Displays properties
SHIFT + DELETE: Deletes an item immediately without placing it in the Recycle Bin

General Keyboard-Only Commands:

F1: Starts Windows Help
F10: Activates menu bar options
SHIFT + F10: Opens a shortcut menu for the selected item (this is the same as right-clicking an object
CTRL + ESC: Opens the Start menu (use the ARROW keys to select an item)
CTRL + ESC or ESC: Selects the Start button (press TAB to select the taskbar, or press SHIFT+F10 for a context menu)
ALT + DOWN ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box
ALT + TAB: Switch to another running program (hold down the ALT key and then press the TAB key to view the task-switching window)
SHIFT: Press and hold down the SHIFT key while you insert a CD-ROM to bypass the automatic-run feature
ALT + SPACE: Displays the main window’s System menu (from the System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window)
ALT +- (ALT + hyphen): Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI)child window’s System menu (from the MDI child window’s System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the child window)
CTRL + TAB: Switch to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) program
ALT + underlined letter in menu: Opens the menu
ALT + F4: Closes the current window
CTRL + F4: Closes the current Multiple Document Interface (MDI) window
ALT + F6: Switch between multiple windows in the same program (for example, when the Notepad Find dialog box is displayed
ALT + F6: switches between the Find dialog box and the main Notepad window)

Shell Objects and General Folder/Windows Explorer Shortcuts For a selected object:

F2: Rename object
F3: Find all files
CTRL + X: Cut
CTRL + C: Copy
CTRL + V: Paste
SHIFT + DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Recycle Bin
ALT + ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object
To Copy a File: Press and hold down the CTRL key while you drag the file to another folder.
To Create a Shortcut: Press and hold down CTRL+SHIFT while you drag a file to the desktop or a folder.

General Folder/Shortcut Control:

F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the box (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer)
F5: Refreshes the current window.
F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer
CTRL + G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only)
CTRL + Z: Undo the last command
CTRL + A: Select all the items in the current window
BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder
SHIFT + click + Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all parent folders

Windows Explorer Tree Control:

Numeric Keypad *: Expands everything under the current selection
Numeric Keypad +: Expands the current selection
Numeric Keypad -: Collapses the current selection.
RIGHT ARROW: Expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise goes to the first child
LEFT ARROW: Collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise goes to the parent

Properties Control:

CTRL + TAB/CTRL + SHIFT + TAB: Move through the property tabs

Accessibility Shortcuts:

Press SHIFT five times: Toggles StickyKeys on and off
Press down and hold the right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Toggles FilterKeys on and off
Press down and hold the NUM LOCK key for five seconds: Toggles ToggleKeys on and off
Left ALT + left SHIFT+NUM LOCK: Toggles MouseKeys on and off
Left ALT + left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN: Toggles high contrast on and off

Microsoft Natural Keyboard Keys:

Windows Logo: Start menu
Windows Logo + R: Run dialog box
Windows Logo + M: Minimize all
SHIFT + Windows Logo+M: Undo minimize all
Windows Logo + F1: Help
Windows Logo + E: Windows Explorer
Windows Logo + F: Find files or folders
Windows Logo + D: Minimizes all open windows and displays the desktop
CTRL + Windows Logo + F: Find computer
CTRL + Windows Logo + TAB: Moves focus from Start, to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray (use RIGHT ARROW or LEFT ARROW to move focus to items on the Quick Launch toolbar and the system tray)
Windows Logo + TAB: Cycle through taskbar buttons
Windows Logo + Break: System Properties dialog box
Application key: Displays a shortcut menu for the selected item

Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType Software Installed:

Windows Logo + L: Log off Windows
Windows Logo + P: Starts Print Manager
Windows Logo + C: Opens Control Panel
Windows Logo + V: Starts Clipboard
Windows Logo + K: Opens Keyboard Properties dialog box
Windows Logo + I: Opens Mouse Properties dialog box
Windows Logo + A: Starts Accessibility Options (if installed)
Windows Logo + SPACEBAR: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys
Windows Logo + S: Toggles CAPS LOCK on and off

Dialog Box Keyboard Commands:

TAB: Move to the next control in the dialog box
SHIFT + TAB: Move to the previous control in the dialog box
SPACEBAR: If the current control is a button, this clicks the button. If the current control is a check box, this toggles the check box. If the current control is an option, this selects the option.
ENTER: Equivalent to clicking the selected button (the button with the outline)
ESC: Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button
ALT + underlined letter in dialog box item: Move to the corresponding item

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